Born in Amagasaki, Japan in 1924 - Passed away on April 8, 2008, aged 83.
Kazuo Shiraga studied painting at the Kyoto City Specialist School of Arts (now the Kyoto City University of Arts). Upon graduating in 1948, he formed Zero Group with Akira Kanayama, Saburo Murakami and Keiko Tanaka in 1952.
In 1955 he joined the legendary collective Gutai (Gutai Art Association) and made a series of revolutionary works that art historian Reiko Tomii calls "performance paintings," including Challenging Mud, 1955 (in which he wrestled with several tons of mud) and Red Logs, 1955 (a structure made of wood logs that Shiraga hacked into with an axe). His distinct and inimitable style of foot painting emerged the year prior, in 1954. Aware of Jackson Pollock since 1951, Shiraga-like his contemporaries Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, and Yves Klein-sought to create work that moved beyond the vocabulary of Abstract Expressionism.
He succeeded in creating paintings of great innovation with his unique style of painting that involved sliding, spinning, and swirling his feet in mounds of oil paint on large sheets of paper laid on the floor. By the time of his 1957 "performance painting" on stage Sanbaso-Super Modern, Shiraga was amongst the most avant-garde artists working anywhere and his work was drawing international attention.
Shiraga's work was first introduced to the American public under the auspices of a Gutai exhibition held at Martha Jackson Gallery in September 1958. His work was largely dismissed as derivative and his great originality went unrecognized in New York in what amounted to an extraordinary misreading of his work.
However, having realized a means so unmistakably his own, Shiraga continued to refine and rework his signature style for the remainder of his long career, creating challenging paintings of visceral energy and visual power. Shiraga's six-decade career proved enduringly provocative and extremely successful in Europe and Japan.
Yet, with the exception of his inclusion in survey exhibitions such as Japanese Art After 1945: Scream Against the Sky at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (1994) and Out of Actions: Between Performance and the Object at The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1998), Shiraga's work has remained largely unknown in the United States.